Croton sylvaticus

FLOWER COLOUR:  
AVERAGE SIZE (H) x (W): 7m x 3m
MAXIMUM SIZE (H) x (W): 13m x 5m
FLOWERING TIME:   J F M A M J J A S O N D
FRUITING TIME:   J F M A M J J A S O N D

An evergreen tree or shrub with a dense crown of dark green foliage. The bark grey bark becomes rough with age. The leaves are uniform green on both sides and are carried on long stalks with 2 glands at the base. It bears tiny, pale yellow flowers borne on long, sturdy spikes.  The decorative fruit is a bright orange, 3-lobed capsule which is carried in long, conspicuous in clusters among the leaves.

ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS:
The fruit attracts birds.
The plant is a larval host plant to seven species of moth and one butterfly species.

NATURAL HABITAT & DISTRIBUTION:
Forest and dense woodland.

MAINTENANCE:
Low maintenance.

WATER REQUIREMENTS:
Water moderately when young.

GARDEN THEMES:
Bushveld, forest, woodland

LANDSCAPING USES:
A decorative shady tree that can be added to any wildlife-friendly garden. The fruit are eaten by birds.
FLOWERS:
Tiny pale yellow or cream flowers are produced on long spikes up to 15cm long. Male and female flowers are produced together and the majority are male. Female flowers are closely grouped towards the base of the spike.

FOLIAGE:
Alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, uniform green on both surfaces. Young leaves have short hairs on the under surface.
BARK:
The bark is pale to dark grey, smooth when young and becoming rough with age.
FRUIT:
A bright orange, 3-lobbed capsule, 8-10mm in diameter.
BUTTERFLY LARVAL HOST:
Charaxes candiope (Green-veined Caraxes, Green-veined Emperor)
Moths:-
Epiphora mythimnia, Stemmatophalera persimilis, Stemmatophalera sjostedti, Stigmella crotonica, Stomphastis aphrocyma, Stomphastis crotoniphila, Thaumatotibia leucotreta

FULL GALLERY:
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