Vachellia karroo

FLOWER COLOUR:  
AVERAGE SIZE (H) x (W): 6m x 5m
MAXIMUM SIZE (H) x (W): 12m x 8m
FLOWERING TIME:   J F M A M J J A S O N D
FRUITING TIME:   J F M A M J J A S O N D

A magnificent, dense and rounded tree with a dark-brown bark. It bears straight, white, paired thorns are up to 15cm long. The fruit is a brown sickle-shaped pod which splits on the tree. The flowers are sweetly-scented, round and yellow.

ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS:
A useful tree for the large wildlife-friendly garden.
It attracts bees with its high nectar yield.
Birds such as sunbirds and parrots visit them frequently.
It is a larval host plant for several butterfly species.

NATURAL HABITAT & DISTRIBUTION:
A variety of habitats from dune forests to grasslands.

GARDEN THEMES:
Bushveld, woodland

LANDSCAPING USES:
A magnificent shade tree for a large garden.
Do not plant too close to built structures as the roots may cause damage.
A great windbreak on farms.
FLOWERS:
The sweet-smelling flowers are yellow balls approximately 15mm in diameter.
FOLIAGE:
BARK:
FRUIT:
SPINES:
BUTTERFLY LARVAL HOST:
Anthene amarah amarah (Blackstriped Hairtail)
Anthene constrastata mashuna (Mashuna Hairtail)
Anthene definita definita (Common Hairtail)
Anthene otacilia otacilia (Otacilia Hairtail)
Anthene talboti (Talbot's Hairtail)
Axiocerses tjoane tjoane (Common Scarlet)
Azanus jesous jesous (Topaz-spotted Blue)
Azanus moriqua (Thorn-tree Blue)
Azanus natalensis (Natal Spotted Blue)
Azanus ubaldus (Velvet-spotted Blue)
Chrysoritis chrysaor (Burnished Opal)
Crudaria leroma (Silver-spotted Grey)
Crudaria wykehami (Wykeham's Grey)
Uranothauma nubifer (Black Heart)

FULL GALLERY:
WITH THANKS TO:
Charles & Julia Botha for their input on butterfly larval hosts, Bring Butterflies back to your Garden
Steve Woodhall for his input on butterfly larval hosts, Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa