Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content

Cussonia paniculata

Common names: Highveld Cabbage Tree (E); umSenge (Z); Kiepersol (A); umNgqokhwe (X);

Native to: Southern Africa
Tree
A distinctive tree that bears a mop-like crown of large, leathery blue-green leaves.

Cussonia paniculata

DECIDUOUS

FULL SUN

SEMI FROST HARDY

MEDIUM WATER REQUIREMENTS

MEDIUM GROWER

ATTRACTS BIRDS

ATTRACTS INSECTS

FLOWER COLOUR:

AVERAGE SIZE:

5m x 2m
FLOWERING TIME:
J F M A M J J A S O N D
FRUITING TIME:
J F M A M J J A S O N D

Cussonia paniculata

LANDSCAPING USES
Suitable for medium to large gardens, or for a rockery. Avoid planting too close to paving, ponds and swimming pools as the roots are agressive and could damage foundations.
GARDEN THEMES
Bushveld, Country, Grassland, Rockery, Woodland
FLOWERS
FOLIAGE
BARK

23 Responses

  1. Hi Gill

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    It sounds like your Cussonia was hit by frost over winter which is quite normal for this species and it usually does not kill be plant. With shoots appearing, there are definite signs of life so rather allow these to form fully. You could prune the tree to reduce it’s height but bear in mind that this could negatively alter its form.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  2. My Cussons panaculata has had green flowers at the top Which have gradually turned black in the winter and were pointing downwards! They have all now either fallen off or I have taken them off leaving a knotted top! There are small green shoots up the side of the tree so I’m thinking it’s still alive! Will it recover? Can I saw the tree a bit lower as it’s about 3-4 metres tall or will that damage it, it’s a very tall nice looking bark. I assume it’s still alive? Help please?

  3. Hi Nardus

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    I find that planting any tree in a pot restricts its growth as they really need space to a grow healthy root system. Cussonia paniculata typically has an aggressive root system so if you do plant it in a pot, your container may eventually crack. Also remember to raise the pot above the ground otherwise the roots are likely to root through the drainage holes to find more space and nutrients in the ground.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  4. Hi Ronel

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    It sounds like your tree has become pot-bound. Cussonia species typically have a large root system making them unsuitable for containers. It may be best to transfer it to the ground in order for it to have adequate space to develop fully.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  5. Hallo

    I please need advice on how to care for a cussonia paniculata that is growing in a huge container.
    It is about 10 years old. I live in a area that gets summer and winter rainfall but a bit more in winter. No frost.
    The tree never seems to flourish. It gets sun all day long.
    I will aprecciate your help.

  6. Hi Tom

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Cussonia paniculata has an aggressive root sytem. When removing, it’s best to let the soil rest undisturbed for a season before planting something new or replenish the soil with topsoil enriched with compost.

    Perhaps also try to grow something indigenous and hardy in the interim such as Melinis repens (Natal redtop).

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  7. Hi there. We have recently had to remove two cussonia paniculata as the roots were destroying our paving area. We obviously couldn’t get all the roots out [some were over 200mm thick] and it seems that all the plants we have subsequently planted over the old roots, are dying. It is likely that the old roots are leaching or something that is killing the new plantings of Kangaroo Paws?

  8. Hi Michael

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    It could be that your tree was hit by frost. You could cut back the dying parts and your tree should resprout new shoots.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  9. My tree has produced seeds and overtime these seed have turned brown and the tree seems to be dying. At the head of the tree where the seeds are it has become soft should I be cutting back the seeds/top of tree?

  10. Hi Anandi

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Cussonia paniculata are susceptible to frost.

    You could try cutting back the dead plant matter and the plant may regenerate new growth this summer.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  11. We stay in Lydenburg and had verry bad frost this year. It appears that our kiepersol is dying. Will priluning the dead stem assist in reviving the tree?

  12. Hi Nicolene

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Your tree seems to be young enough to transplant and it would be best to do so in winter. Take care to remove as much of the root ball as possible and ensure that the new location is at least 5m from any structure as the roots can be quite aggressive.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  13. Hi there,

    I want to please find out whether my tree can be replanted in a new garden?
    It is about 3 – 4 years old. It has 2 very thin, smooth, tall trunks with leaves only at the top.
    About 2 metres high I’d guess.

  14. Hi Denise

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Your tree may have formed only two stems due to competition for light with other trees in your garden. While Cussonia species can grow back if the branches are cut back, be careful as you may lose the structure and possibly the tree if it cannot withstand the stress of the loss. It may be worthwhile consulting an arborist to advise you on site as there could be other factors to consider before chopping the branches.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  15. Can I cut my Cussonia back to make it bush out – at the moment it consists of two tall trunks with leaves just at the top. I live on the coast and my garden has to cope with strong winds.

  16. Hi Chris

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Transplanting a large Cussonia paniculata is not an easy task. It will involve the use of heavy lifting equipment e.g. mechanised diggers, cranes to lift the tree and trucks to transport it. It’s certainly not a DIY task and I’d recommend you contact a tree specialist for assistance.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  17. Hi Yo

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    If your tree has flowered previously, then some growing condition has changed which is stressing the tree.

    Some points to investigate further:
    – Check your watering routine – avoid over-watering.
    – Check the general health of the tree – the leaves should be healthy with new growth.
    – Check the health of surrounding plants
    – Determine whether your plant receiving enough sunlight

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  18. Hi Linda

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Without knowing more about your plant – i.e. where it is planted and the age of it, I’m going to give some very general suggestions.

    I’ve noticed that a few newly-planted Cussonia paniculata in Johannesburg gardens have died this summer. I don’t know exactly what is causing this, but suspect that they do not like being “pampered”. Many indigenous plants require minimal care, which means:

    – Do no interfere with the soil around the roots;
    – Avoid over-watering;
    – Allow the plant a dry season – i.e. do not water in winter in summer rainfall areas.
    – Avoid applying fertilisers and pesticides

    Flourish!
    Glenice

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.