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Halleria lucida

Family: Scrophulariaceae (Snapdragon family)

Common names: Tree Fuchsia (E); uNondomela (Z); Notsung (A); Lebetsa (SS);

Native to: Southern Africa
Shrub, Tree

Halleria lucida

EVERGREEN

FULL SUN

SEMI-SHADE

SHADE

FROST HARDY

LOW WATER REQUIREMENTS

MEDIUM WATER REQUIREMENTS

FAST GROWER

ATTRACTS BIRDS

FLOWER COLOUR:

AVERAGE SIZE:

6m x 5m
FLOWERING TIME:
J F M A M J J A S O N D
FRUITING TIME:
J F M A M J J A S O N D

Halleria lucida

DESCRIPTION

An evergreen, hardy tree/shrub with drooping branches. The pale grey bark is rough and longitudinally fissured. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, shiny bright green and have a finely toothed margin. It bears brick red to orange tubular flowers (up to 4cm long) which appear in clusters and grow off the branches, making them hidden along the leaves. The fruit is a round, fleshy green berry (10mm in diameter) which rippens to black. There is also a yellow-flowered variety.

WILDLIFE & ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS
Halleria lucida is regarded as one of the most valuable plants to have in a bird garden as it attracts sunbirds, white-eyes, thrushes, robins, pigeons, flycatcher, louries, mousebirds and barbets. It also attracts bees and butterflies.
WATER REQUIREMENTS
Water moderately throughout the year.
MAINTENANCE
Low maintenance.
LANDSCAPING USES
This tree is one of the best nectar producers found in Southern Africa and, space permitting, should be planted in a mixed border in every wildlife-friendly garden.
GARDEN THEMES
Bushveld, Country, Forest, Grassland, Rockery, Woodland
FOLIAGE
BARK
PESTS & DISEASES
Seldom attacked by pests and diseases.

37 Responses

  1. Hi Alan

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Moving established plants is always risky as they don’t like their roots interfered with.

    It may be worthwhile to try moving it. Remember to try to get as large a root ball as possible.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  2. Hi
    We have a halleria approx 4m high but very close to a wall which we intend to extend a room from .
    Is it possible to move it successfully?
    We are in White River, Mpumalanga .

    Thanks

  3. Hi Ivan

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Halleria lucida can tolerate wind but you will need to stake the plant for the first few years to provide some support.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  4. We live in Somerset West and are considering planting a Halleria Lucida – are these trees wind tolerant?

  5. Hi Jill

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    This sounds like it could be fungal. You’d need to have your tree inspected by an arborist to confirm this. Otherwise, take a cutting of an infected branch to your local nursery who may be able to suggest a remedy.

    Halleria lucida is usually quite hardy but typically displays these symptoms when over-watered in a garden setting. Could you possibly be watering regularly throughout the year? If so, try to eliminate any watering in the dry months.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  6. Hello – was reading the comments and saw Rob’s comment about the brown leaves and the rusty underside of the leaves. I have exactly the same problem. I cannot see any aphids and it does not look like sooty mold. If i wet it with water it rubs off the leaves easily. Any ideas? Could.it be fungal? Thanks Jill

  7. Hi Jen

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Red spider mite is nasty and best treated with chemical intervention. As your tree is quite large, it may be best to get an arborist to inspect and treat your trees.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  8. Hi Glenice.
    I have a Halleria Lucida in my complex garden in Johannesburg. Its about 3-4m high and about 4 years old. Lots of flowers and berries every year…..but LOTS of red spider! In fact 2 vibernum trees near by now also have red spider, and I think it started with my tree. I’d prefer not to spray. Do you have any ideas?
    If my tree is the problem would it be best to remove it?

    Thanks

    Jen

  9. Hi Michelle

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    I can recall your garden. With all the rains this year, many plants have received more water than normal and some have taken strain. This could be the case in your garden, especially if you’re also irrigating.

    Try reducing your watering and watch out for new growth on the tips of the stems.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  10. Hi Genice,
    You planted two halleria lucida in my garden in Fairland a few years ago. They were doing well for many years but the leaves are turning brown and falling off. This despite us having had good rain recently. They have attracted so many birds to our garden – I would hate to lose them now
    Michelle

  11. Thanks for your feedback, Glenice. I have since planted one (40l) and so far so good. It’s in a sunny spot and has protection from my walls. In terms of watering, I’m giving it a good watering once a week? Thanks for the advice.

  12. Hi Darren

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    It’s believed that autumn is nature’s best time to plant as that’s when most plants in nature are releasing their seeds.

    In Pretoria, you’ve a fairly mild winter, so provided your planting position is slightly protected from icy wind, you can go ahead and plant now so that your plant can settle in now and will have the benefit of a full growing season to take off.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  13. Hi Cathy

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    The best outlet for indigenous plants in Cape Town is Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden nursery. Hopefully you’ll be able to find a Halleria lucida there.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  14. Hallo
    My neighbor has been looking for this tree for his garden and was amazed to see my well established one .
    Can somebody please tell me which nursery will be the most probable. He tried Stodels and Cape Garden Centre without any success.
    Thank you very much for your input.
    Cathy

  15. Hi Glenice

    When is the best time to plant? I stay in Pretoria and was wondering if I can plant now in Autumn or should I wait until spring time?

    Thanks

    Darren

  16. Hi Evelyn

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Halleria lucida is not known to have an aggressive root system and the recommended safe allowable distance to plant it from any structure is 2m. However, be aware that we’ve seen specimens in KZN that become large trees, up to 10m in height, which would require more space for their root system to spread horizontally.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  17. Good day folks, I would appreciate information on the root structure/type of roots the Halleria Lucida has. I am aware of a water pipe and a Telkom fibre cable which run approx. 1 to 2 meres under ground in close proximetry to the position I would like to plant a Helleria Lucida.

  18. Hi Jacqui

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    It seems like your Halleria lucida could be battling because the soil is too damp. Check that your soil is draining well and avoid over-watering the plant.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  19. Hi Glenice. Happy New Year! My Halleria Lucia had a lot of little branch growing close to the soil which I cut off so that I could see the ground. But sadly I noticed that it had mealybugs and what looks like yellowing of the leaves, amphids and some other creepy insects. I gave it compost and rock dust a few months ago. I’ve Googled but couldn’t find any info. I have a bird and insect friendly garden and don’t use insecticides. Please can you help?

  20. Hi Eric

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Yes, Halleria lucida can tolerate full sun or semi-shade.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  21. Hi,

    Would this tree do well in FULL sun, kzn, south coast?
    It seems to be growing nicely, just wondering whether I should plant in a shadier place, or is it ok in the FULL sun?

  22. Hi Werner

    Thanks for your feedback.

    I’m not too familiar with the nurseries in Nelspruit, but I’m sure one of the larger suppliers will be able to assist you.

    All the best.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  23. Hi Glenice,
    Thank you for an amazing page. I live outside Nelspruit and would like to know where I can buy a few Tree Fuchsia’s, please.

    Regards
    Werner

  24. Hi Rob

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Wow, you must have many birds visiting your garden with 12 Halleria lucida!

    I’m not aware of rust being a problem with this species. However, a garden conditions are usually unnatural, so it could be possible.

    The limited flower and fruit production as well as the ‘rust’ could be a nutrient deficiency. Since you’ve so many of the same species in one area, they could be depleting the nutrients from the soil.

    You could apply a generous layer of compost and an organic fertiliser at quarterly intervals to help balance the situation. It may take a few seasons to see a reversal.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  25. Hi, I am based in Gauteng. I have 12 of these in my garden in the same area. Some are in full-sun and some are more in semi-shade. They are about 4 years old and already very tall. Maybe 3-4m.

    I see a lot of the leaves turn brown and fall off – Reddish brown marks on the under part of the leaves. Looks like rust. Are these trees susceptible to rust? And if so, should they be treated or will they recover?

    Also they don’t flower that much, would expect them at this age to show a lot more of their unique flowers! Same with the berries; few and far between, would an organic fertiliser help?

  26. Hi Tony

    Thanks for visiting our site.

    Halleria lucida can grow in full sun or semi-shade.

    This is one of our top 5 plants for a bird garden as you’ll have a variety of birds feasting on the nectar and fruit.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  27. Hi Glenice. What is the best position for Halleria Lucida? Full sun ? Or other options ?
    Many thanks . Tony Bentel

  28. Hi Jacqui

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Yes, Halleria lucida is suitable for your space.

    You may need to add some compost and washed river sand to enhance the drainage a little.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  29. Hi can this tree be planted in a small garden 6×9 in a complex. I feed wild birds and now want a tree that can do this and to attract more birds and insects to.my garden. We are on clay soil.

  30. Hi Elisabeth

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Halleria lucida generally starts flowering within 2-3 years of being planted out as the plant first needs to settle into its new environment.

    The first flowering season may produce only a few flowers, and they often go unnoticed since they are on the stem unlike most plants that have showy flowers at the ends of the branches.

    You could try giving your plant a generous compost application this summer and you should be rewarded in the new year.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  31. Hi, I bought 2 halleria shrubs, they have been in my garden since May 2016 and have grown from about 30cm high to 2m high and wide. But no sign of flowers? Any idea why?

  32. Hi Abe

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    Some nurseries will leave them to grow as shrubs (i.e. bushy from the base) whilst others may trim off the lower branches to encourage a tree form.

    Identification is clear from the leaves and much easier once the plant is in flower.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  33. Hi Maggie

    Thanks for visiting our Plantbook.

    Halleria lucida should do well in your garden. I’m not so sure of the Heteropyxis natalensis (Lavender Tree). Perhaps also consider the Buddleja saligna (False Olive) which is fantastic for coastal gardens.

    Flourish!
    Glenice

  34. I am interested in planting the Halleria Lucida as well as the Lavender Tree in my Garden. The question is will it grow in Mossel bay (coastal garden)?
    Thank you for taking time to read my email.I am looking forward to your reply.
    Maggie Smit

  35. Needs rain early in the season to get it off to a good start. Battles with drought and will remain twiggy without enough water.
    Ian

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