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Typha capensis

Family: Typhaceae (Cat-tail family)

Common names: Bulrush (E); Ibhuma (Z); Papkuil, (A); Motsitla (SS); Ingcongolo (X);

Native to: Africa
Grass, Perennial
An aquatic perennial herb with distinctive velvety-brown flower stalks.

Typha capensis

EVERGREEN

FULL SUN

FROST HARDY

HIGH WATER REQUIREMENTS

FAST GROWER

ATTRACTS BIRDS

ATTRACTS INSECTS

FLOWER COLOUR:

FLOWERING TIME:
J F M A M J J A S O N D

Typha capensis

DESCRIPTION

Bulrush is a commonly seen plant growing in swampy areas throughout Southern Africa.

The stems are erect and terminate in sense, cylindrical flower spikes.  The strap-shaped leaves are long, bluish-grey to light green and have parallel veins.  The inflorescence is a dense spike of closely packed yellow flowers that mature to brown.

The inflorescence is a dense spike of closely packed flowers, yellow at first, turning brown later.  This perennial herb spreads by means of creeping rhizomes.

The skewer-like flowers are often used in floral arrangements.

NATURAL HABITAT & DISTRIBUTION
Streams, dam edges and marshes.
WILDLIFE & ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS
Typha capensis is provides shelter to many bird species that are associated with water. The dense stems provide ideal shelter and nesting opportunities for birds such as the Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus), African Black Duck (Anus sparsa), the Red Bishop (Euplectes orix), and the Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild). The submerged stems provide ideal nurseries for hatchlings of several freshwater fish species, frogs, and other aquatic organisms.
WATER REQUIREMENTS
Bulrush needs to be planted in water.
MAINTENANCE
Low maintenance.
To keep under control, plant in a container that can be submerged.
LANDSCAPING USES
Plant along a stream or pond.
May be used in the planting section to filter the water of a natural swimming pool.
GARDEN THEMES
Bushveld, Water
FLOWERS
The inflorescence is a dense spike of closely packed minute yellow flowers that turn, turning brown later. Flowers are unisexual and minute.
FOLIAGE
The strap-shaped leaves are long, bluish grey to green and have parallel veins. Leaves are 0.5-1.5m long.
FRUIT
The minute fruit is 1-seeded and has many hairs which aid wind dispersal.
PESTS & DISEASES
Seldom attacked by pests and disease.
CULTIVATION
Propagate it by dividing large clumps. The plant spreads by means of rhizomes and will quickly form a large clump.

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