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Ziziphus mucronata

Family: Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family)

Common names: Buffalo Thorn (E); umPhafa (Z); Blinkblaar Wag-‘n’Bietjie (A); Mokhalo (NS); Mokhalo (SS); mphasamhala (Ts);

Native to: Southern Africa
Tree
A hardy, deciduous, small to medium sized tree with both hook and straight thorns.

Ziziphus mucronata

DECIDUOUS

FULL SUN

SEMI-SHADE

SHADE

FROST HARDY

MEDIUM WATER REQUIREMENTS

MEDIUM GROWER

ATTRACTS BIRDS

ATTRACTS INSECTS

FLOWER COLOUR:

AVERAGE SIZE:

4m x 3m

MAXIMUM SIZE:

10m x 5m
FLOWERING TIME:
J F M A M J J A S O N D
FRUITING TIME:
J F M A M J J A S O N D

Ziziphus mucronata

DESCRIPTION

A hardy, deciduous, small to medium sized tree with both hook and straight thorns. The glossy leaves turn a beautiful, golden yellow in autumn. It has attractive, small, yellowish flowers and hard round reddish-brown berries with a sweet, powdery pulp.

NATURAL HABITAT & DISTRIBUTION
Bushveld
WILDLIFE & ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS
It is a host plant to several species of butterfly and 23 species of moth.
The tree is visited by several bird species who relish the fruit and hunt for insects on it.
LANDSCAPING USES
Makes an excellent garden subject with a good shape planted in sun or semi-shade. It also serves as a good security plant to use on a property boundary as the thorns are vicious.
GARDEN THEMES
Bushveld, Forest, Woodland
FLOWERS
FOLIAGE
BARK
SPINES
BUTTERFLY/MOTH HOST PLANT
Tarucus sybaris (Dotted Blue)
Tuxentius calice (White Pie)
Tuxentius hesperis (Western Pie)
Tuxentius melaena (Black Pie)
Zintha hintza (Hinza Blue)
CAUTION
The thorns of this tree are nasty and once entangled in it, you will most certainly remain there for a while as indicated in the Afrikaans name ‘Blinkblaarwat-‘n-bietjie’ which means shiny-leaved-wait-a bit.

2 Responses

  1. Hi Nicole

    Thanks for visiting Plantbook.

    This seems really strange and rather serious. It is tricky to treat trees on such a large scale and I recommend you contact an arborist to examine the trees and your property as there may be several environmental factors causing this.

    All the best.
    Glenice

  2. Good day,

    It seems like all of our buffalo thorn trees have some kind of leaf disease. I’m referring to literally ALL the buffalo thorns growing naturally in the veld on our approx 20 hectares farm.

    The leaves seem to be covered in black spores, they are brown and covered in tiny holes. But it doesn’t seem like insect holes, more like a response to a possible fungus.

    I can send a few photos if it will help.

    Any ideas as to what this may be and whether the tress will survive??

    Thanks

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